Open Education Week, Open Education Resources, Open Pedagogy and Open AccessMarch 2016 Online Exhibition
What is Open Education Week?
Open Education Week’s goal is to raise awareness about free and open educational opportunities that exist for everyone, everywhere, right now. Coordinated by the Open Education Consortium, the event showcases projects, resources, and ideas from around the world that demonstrate open education in practice. The open education movement seeks to reduce barriers, increase access and drive improvements in education through open sharing and digital formats. Open education includes free and open access to platforms, tools and resources in education, including learning materials, course materials, videos, assessment tools, research, study groups, and textbooks, all available for free use and modification under an open license.
A Brief Explanation of Open Education
What are Open Education Resources?
“Open Educational Resources (OER) are digitized materials that you may freely use and reuse, without charge. That means they have been authored or created by an individual or organization that chooses to retain few, if any, ownership rights. For some of these resources, that means you can download the resource and share it with colleagues and students. For others, it may be that you can download a resource, edit it in some way, and then re-post it as a remixed work.”
Open Education Resources Can Include the Following:
Full courses, course materials, content modules, learning objects, collections and journals.
Software to support the creation, delivery, use and improvement of open learning content including searching and organization of content, content and learning management systems, content development tools, and online learning communities.
Intellectual property licenses to promote open publishing of materials, design-principles, and localization of content.
UTAH OER Talks from Local Educators
What is Open Pedagogy?
According to opencontent.org Open Pedagogy is:
‘At it’s core, the question of open pedagogy is “what can I do in the context of open that I couldn’t do before?” This turns out to be terribly difficult, because of the ubiquity (even ambience?) of copyright in our lives. An educator asking the question “what can I do pedagogically if I don’t have to worry about copyright?” is a bit like an aerospace engineer asking, “what could I do in rocket design if I no longer had to worry about gravity?” or a politician asking “what could I do if I no longer had to worry about the party system?” or a researcher asking “what could I do if funding were no longer a constraint?”’
The right to make, own, and control copies of the content (e.g., download, duplicate, store, and manage).
The right to use the content in a wide range of ways (e.g., in a class, in a study group, on a website, in a video).
The right to adapt, adjust, modify, or alter the content itself (e.g., translate the content into another language).
The right to combine the original or revised content with other material to create something new (e.g., incorporate the content into a mashup).
The right to share copies of the original content, your revisions, or your remixes with others (e.g., give a copy of the content to a friend).
How Does Open Pedagogy Impact the Classroom?
- By increasing student access to resources, open increases the number of students who can do things with resources
- Increase the number of students with access to effective pedagogy
- By enabling students to do things with resources that weren’t previously possible or practical
- Enable new pedagogies
The Primary Questions of Open Pedagogy
- What kinds of things would we ask students to do with resources if we knew that all of them had access to the resources?
- What can we ask students to do with resources they can retain, reuse, revise, remix, and redistribute that wasn’t practical or possible to ask them to do before?
If you are an educator, we highly recommend you check out Prof. David Wiley’s blog on Open Content (where we acquired all of the above information about Open Pedagogy).
What is Open Access?
“Open access (OA) refers to online research outputs that are free of all restrictions on access (e.g., access tolls) and free of many restrictions on use (e.g. certain copyright and license restrictions). Open access can be applied to all forms of published research output, including peer-reviewed and non peer-reviewed academic journal articles, conference papers, theses, book chapters, and monographs.
Two degrees of open access can be distinguished: gratis open access, which is online access free of charge, and libre open access, which is online access free of charge plus various additional usage rights. These additional usage rights are often granted through the use of various specific Creative Commons licenses.”
What is Creative Commons?
Creative Commons is a nonprofit organization that enables the sharing and use of creativity and knowledge through free legal tools. Their free, easy-to-use copyright licenses provide a simple, standardized way to give the public permission to share and use your creative work — on conditions of your choice. CC licenses let you easily change your copyright terms from the default of “all rights reserved” to “some rights reserved.” Creative Commons licenses are not an alternative to copyright. They work alongside copyright and enable you to modify your copyright terms to best suit your needs.
Creative Commons Licenses Explained
This license lets others distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon your work, even commercially, as long as they credit you for the original creation. This is the most accommodating of licenses offered. Recommended for maximum dissemination and use of licensed materials.
This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work even for commercial purposes, as long as they credit you and license their new creations under the identical terms. This license is often compared to “copyleft” free and open source software licenses. All new works based on yours will carry the same license, so any derivatives will also allow commercial use. This is the license used by Wikipedia, and is recommended for materials that would benefit from incorporating content from Wikipedia and similarly licensed projects.
This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, and although their new works must also acknowledge you and be non-commercial, they don’t have to license their derivative works on the same terms.
This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, as long as they credit you and license their new creations under the identical terms.
This license is the most restrictive of our six main licenses, only allowing others to download your works and share them with others as long as they credit you, but they can’t change them in any way or use them commercially.
If you are looking for more information or want to expand your knowledge and increase your participation with Open Education development please visit one of the following online resources:
Salt Lake Community College
Taylorsville Redwood Campus
4600 South Redwood Road
Salt Lake City, UT 84123